Soryong Chae, PhD

Assistant Professor, Environmental Engineering, Department of Biomedical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineering

Biography

Soryong Chae received his PhD from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) in 2004 and he’s pioneered research in the application of nanotechnology for membrane fabrication, water treatment and energy. He earned his BS in Environmental Engineering from INHA University and his MS in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology in 1998 and 2000, respectively.

Since 2003, Chae has authored three book chapters and 50 journal articles in top interdisciplinary journals including ACS Nano, Environmental Science & Technology, Water Research, Bioresource Technology, and Journal of Membrane Science. Chae currently holds six patents and prior to joining UC CEAS, he was a lecturer in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of Sydney.

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Research Interests

  • Environmental implications and applications of engineered nanomaterials; Membrane technology for drinking water production; and Membrane bioreactor (MBR) for municipal and industrial wastewater recycling.


Professional Experience

Assistant Professor, Department of Biomedical, Chemical, and Environmental Engineering, The University of Cincinnati 2014-Present
Lecturer, The University of Sydney 2010- 2014
Research Associate, Duke University 2007-2010
Post-doctoral Fellow, Hokkaido University 2004-2006


Honors & Awards

  • Best Poster Award, The 8th Korea-U.S. Nano Forum, US National Science Foundation (NSF)
2011
  • Certificate of Merit, Division of Environmental Chemistry, American Chemical Society
2010
  • Outstanding Poster Award, Particle Separation 2005, IWA
2005
  • Best Paper Presentation Award, Korea Society of Environmental Engineers
2001 & 2003

                                                                                                                

Patents

1. Inclined plate type settling basin improving efficiency of liquid and solid separation, No. 1011721980000, 2012.7.20, South Korea.

2. The method for settings of operation parameters in advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), No. 1011698770000, 2012.7.13, South Korea.

3. Cleaning device and cleaning method for separation membrane, No. 1011427210000, 2012.4.18, South Korea.

4. Continuous photo-bioreactor for carbon dioxide removal and mass production of microalgae, No. 1006229920000, 2006.9.5, South Korea.

5. An apparatus for advanced wastewater treatment using vertical type membrane bio-Reactor, No. 1005405490000, 2005.12.20, South Korea.

6. Retrofitting of conventional activated sludge process and the supplementation of external carbon source for nutrients removal from domestic and industrial wastewater, No. 2003250100000, 2003.8.27, South Korea.


Publications

Thesis

1. Characteristics of Nutrient Removal and Membrane Fouling in a Vertical Membrane Bioreactor, Ph.D thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST, 2004.

2. Development of operating factors for the continuous CO2 fixation by Euglena gracilis Z, M.S thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, KAIST, 2000.
 

Book Chapters

1. So-Ryong Chae, Yong-tae Ahn, Yuhoon Hwang, Duksoo Jang, Fangang Meng, Jeffrey Shi, Sang-Hyup Lee, and Hang-Sik Shin (2013). Advanced Wastewater Treatment using MBRs: Nutrient Removal and Disinfection in Membrane Biological Reactors: Theory, Modelling, Design, Management and Applications to Wastewater Reuse. Editors: Faisal I. Hai, Kazuo Yamamoto, Chung-Hak Lee, IWA Publishing, London, UK (ISBN: 9781780400655).

2. S. R. Chae, E. M. Hotze, M. R. Wiesner (2009). Possible applications of fullerene nanomaterials in water treatment and reuse, Nanotechnology Applications for Clean Water. William Andrew Publishing, New York, U.S.A. (ISBN: 9780815515784).

3. S. R. Chae, Y. T. Ahn, C. W. Suh, H. S. Shin (2006). Characteristics of nutrient removal and behaviors of intercellular materials and population dynamics of microorganisms in a vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR) in Trends in Biotechnology Research, Edwin C. Hearns (Ed.), pp. 1-37, NOVA Science Publisher, New York, U.S.A. (ISBN: 1-60021-224-7).


Journal Papers

1. So-Ryong Chae, Dana E. Hunt, Kaoru Ikuma, Sungwoo Yang, Jinhyun Cho, Claudia K. Gunsch, Jie Liu, and Mark R. Wiesner (2013). Bio-transformation of C60 Fullerene Nanoparticles in Water. Nature Nanotechnology (in revision).

2. Xiaoshuang Yang, Jieun Lee, Lixiang Yuan, So-Ryong Chae, Vanessa K. Peterson, Andrew I. Minett, Yongbai Yin, Andrew T. Harris (2013). Removal of natural organic matters in water using functionalised carbon nanotube buckypaper. Carbon (accepted).

3. S. R. Chae, E. M. Hotze, A. R. Badireddy, S. Lin, J. O. Kim, M. R. Wiesner (2013). Environmental Implications and Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials in Water Treatment. Water Science and Technology (accepted).

4. Liwei Zhang, So-Ryong Chae, Zachary Hendren, Jin-Soo Park, and Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Recent advances in proton exchange membranes for fuel cell applications. Chemical Engineering Journal, 204-206, 87-97.

5. Zhongbo Zhou, Fangang Meng, So-Ryong Chae, Guocheng Huang, Wenjie Fu, Xiaoshan Jia, Shiyu Li, and Guang-Hao Chen (2012). Microbial Transformation of Biomacromolecules in a Membrane Bioreactor: Implications for Membrane Fouling Investigation. PLoS ONE 7(8): e42270. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042270.

6. Gregory V. Lowry, Benjamin P. Espinasse, Appala Raju Badireddy, Curtis J. Richardson, Brian C. Reinsch, Lee D. Bryant, Audrey Bone, Amrika Deonarine, So-Ryong Chae, Mathieu Therezien, Benjamin P. Colman, Heileen Hsu-Kim, Emily S. Bernhardt, Cole W. Matson, Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Long-Term Transformation and Fate of Manufactured Ag Nanoparticles in a Simulated Large Scale Freshwater Emergent Wetland. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(13), 7027-7036.

7. S. R. Chae, Y. Xiao, S. Lin, T. Noeiaghaei, J. O. Kim, M. R. Wiesner (2012). Effects of humic acid and electrolytes on photocatalytic reactivity and transport of carbon nanoparticle aggregates in water. Water Research, 46(13), 4053-4062.

8. Benjamin Espinasse, So-Ryong Chae, Cyril Marconnet, Claire Coulombel, Claire Mizutani, Malik Djafer, Veronique Heim, and Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Comparison of chemical cleaning reagents and characterization of foulants of nanofiltration membranes used in surface water treatment. Desalination, 296, 1-6.

9. E. Jeong, S. R. Chae, H. S. Shin (2012). Effects of silver nanoparticles on biological nitrogen removal processes. Water Science & Technology, 65(7), 1298-1303.

10. Fangang Meng, So-Ryong Chae, Hang-Sik Shin, Fenglin Yang, and Zhongbo Zhou (2012). Recent advances in membrane bioreactors: Configuration development, pollutant elimination, and sludge reduction. Environmental Engineering Science, 29, 139-160.

11. Liwei Zhang, So-Ryong Chae, Shihong Lin, and Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Proton-conducting composite membranes derived from ferroxane-polyvinyl alcohol complex. Environmental Engineering Science, 29, 133-138.

12. S. R. Chae, M. Therezien, J. F. Budarz, L. Wessel, S. Lin, Y. Xiao, and M. R. Wiesner (2011). Comparison of the photosensitivity and bacterial toxicity of spherical and tubular fullerenes of variables aggregate size. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13, 5121-5127.

13. Yao Xiao, So-Ryong Chae, Mark R. Wiesner (2011). Quantification of fullerene (C60) in aqueous samples and use of C70 as surrogate standard. Chemical Engineering Journal, 170, 555-561.

14. H. A. Shawky, S. R. Chae, S. Lin, M. R. Wiesner (2011). Synthesis and characterization of a carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposite membrane for water treatment. Desalination, 272(1-3), 46-50.

15. S. R. Chae, Y. Watanabe, M. R. Wiesner (2011). Comparative photochemical reactivity of spherical and tubular fullerene nanoparticles in water under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. Water Research, 45(1), 308-314.

16. S. R. Chae, A. R. Badireddy, S. Lin, Y. Xiao, J. F. Budarz, M. Therezien, M. R. Wiesner (2010). Heterogeneities in fullerene nanoparticle aggregates affecting reactivity, bioactivity, and transport. ACS Nano, 4(9), 5011-5018.

17. D. Jassby, S. R. Chae, Z. Hendren, M. R. Wiesner (2010). Membrane filtration of fullerene nanoparticle suspensions: Effects of derivatization, pressure and electrolyte concentration. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 346(2), 296-302.

18. S. R. Chae, E. M. Hotze, Y. Xiao, J. Rose, M. R. Wiesner (2010). Comparison of methods for fullerene detection and measurements of reactive oxygen production in cosmetic products. Environmental Engineering Science, 27(9), 797-804.

19. S. R. Chae, H. Yamamura, B. Choi, Y. Watanabe (2009). Fouling characteristics of pressurized and submerged PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) microfiltrration membranes in a pilot-scale drinking water production system under low and high turbidity conditions. Desalination, 244, 215-226.

20. S. R. Chae, S. Wang, Z. Hendren, M. R. Wiesner, Y. Watanabe, C. K. Gunsch (2009). Effects of fullerene nanoparticles on Escherichia coli K12 respiratory activity in aqueous suspension and potential use for membrane biofouling control. Journal of Membrane Science, 329, 68-74.

21. F. Meng, S. R. Chae, A. Drews, M. Kraume, H. S. Shin, F. Yang (2009). Recent advances in membrane bioreactors (MBRs): Membrane fouling and membrane material. Water Research, 43, 1489-1512.

22. S. R. Chae, E. M. Hotze, M. R. Wiesner (2009). Evaluation of the oxidation of organic compounds by aqueous suspensions of photosensitized hydroxylated-C60 fullerene aggregates. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(16), 6208-6213.

23. S. R. Chae, H. Yamamura, K. Ikeda, Y. Watanabe (2008). Comparison of fouling characteristics of two different poly-vinylidene fluoride microfiltration membranes in a pilotscale drinking water treatment system using pre-coagulation/sedimentation, sand filtration and chlorination. Water Research, 42, 2029-2042.

24. S. R. Chae, S. T. Kang, S. M. Lee, E. S. Lee, S. E. Oh, Y. Watanabe, H. S. Shin (2007). High reuse potential of effluent from an innovative vertical membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater. Desalination, 202(1-3), 83-89.

25. Y. T. Ahn, S.T. Kang, S. R. Chae, C. Y. Lee, B. U. Bae, H. S. Shin (2007). Simultaneous High-Strength Organic and Nitrogen Removal with combined Anaerobic Upflow Bed Filter and Aerobic Membrane Bio-reactor (UBF-MBR). Desalination, 202(1-3), 114-121.

26. S. T. Kang, W.T. Lee, S. R. Chae, H. S. Shin (2007). Positive roles of biofilm during the operation of membrane bioreactor for water reuse. Desalination, 202(1-3), 129-134.

27. S. R. Chae and H. S. Shin (2007). Effect of condensate of food waste (CFW) on nutrient removal and behaviours of intercellular materials in a vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR). Bioresource Technology, 98(2), 373-379.

28. S. R. Chae and H. S. Shin (2007). Characteristics of simultaneous organic and nutrient removal in a pilot-scale vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR) treating municipal wastewater at various temperatures. Process Biochemistry, 42(2), 193-198.

29. H. Yamamura, S. R. Chae, K. Kimura, Y. Watanabe (2007). Transition in fouling mechanism in microfiltration of a surface water. Water Research, 41, 3812-3822.

30. S. R. Chae and Y. Watanabe (2007). Fouling characteristics of PVDF microfiltration membranes in a pilot-scale drinking water production system after a coagulation/sedimentation using PSI (polysilicato-iron) and PACl (polyaluminium chloride). Journal of Water and Environment Technology, 5(2), 45-48.

31. S. R. Chae, H. Yamamura, K. Ikeda, G. Ozawa, Y. Watanabe (2007). Effect of pre-treatment on membrane fouling of PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride) microfiltration membrane with different structures in a pilot-scale drinking water production system. Journal of Water and Environment Technology, 5(2), 79-85.

32. S. R. Chae, E. J. Hwang, H. S. Shin (2006). Single cell protein production of Euglena gracilis and carbon dioxide fixation in an innovative photo-bioreactor. Bioresource Technology, 97(2), 322-329.

33. Y. T. Ahn, Y. K. Choi, H. S. Jeong, S. R. Chae, H. S. Shin (2006). Modeling of extracellular polymeric substances and soluble microbial products production in a submerged membrane bioreactor at various SRTs. Water Science and Technology, 53(7), 209-216.

34. S. R. Chae, S. T. Kang, Y. Watanabe, H. S. Shin (2006). Development of an innovative vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR) for simultaneous removal of organic matter and nutrients. Water Research, 40(11), 2161-2167.

35. S. R. Chae, Y. T. Ahn, S.T. Kang, H. S. Shin (2006). Mitigated membrane fouling in a vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR). Journal of Membrane Science, 280(1-2), 572-581.

36. S. R. Chae and H. S. Shin (2006). Kinetic estimation of low excess sludge yield and extracellular polymeric substance accumulation in a vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR). Water Practice and Technology, 1(3), doi10.2166/wpt.2006.055 (ISSN Online: 1751-231X).

37. Y. T. Ahn, S.T. Kang, S. R. Chae, J. L. Lim, S. H. Lee, H. S. Shin (2005). Effect of internal recycle rate on high-strength nitrogen wastewater treatment in the combined UBF/MBR system. Water Science and Technology, 51(10), 241-248.

38. S. R. Chae, S. H. Lee, J. O. Kim, B. C. Paik, Y. C. Song, H. S. Park, H. S. Shin (2004). Simultaneous removal of organic and strong nitrogen from sewage in a pilot-scale BNR process supplemented with food waste. Water Science and Technology, 49(5-6), 257-264.

39. S. R. Chae, H. S. Jeong, J. L. Lim, S. T. Kang, H. S. Shin, B. C. Paik, J. H. Yoon (2004). Behaviors of intercellular materials and nutrients in biological nutrient removal process supplied with domestic wastewater and food waste. Water Environment Research, 76(3), 272- 279.

40. C. Y. Lee, H. S. Shin, S. R. Chae, S. Y. Nam, B. C. Paik (2003). Nutrient removal usinganaerobically fermented leachate of food waste in the BNR process. Water Science and Technology, 47(1), 159-165.


Peer-reviewed Conferences Proceedings

1. So-Ryong Chae, Hee-Chan Jang, Jieun Lee, Tahereh Noeiaghaei, Soleyman Sahebi, Ho- Kyong Shon, Jong-Oh Kim, Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Recovery of engineered nanomaterials by dead-end and cross-flow ultrafiltration membranes from water. CHEMECA 2012, Wellington, New Zealand, September 23-26.

2. S. R. Chae, E. M. Hotze, A. R. Badireddy, S. Lin, J. O. Kim, M. R. Wiesner (2012). Environmental Implications and Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials in Water Treatment, IWA World Water Congress, Busan, South Korea, September 16 – 21.

3. So-Ryong Chae, David Jassby, Mark R. Wiesner, Pyung-Kyu Park, Byung-Kook Hwang, Jong-Sang Park, and Jong-Oh Kim (2012). Engineered Nanomaterials, Emerging Contaminants in water: Fate, Transport, and Separation. IWA Specialist Conference on Particle Separation, Berlin, Germany, June 18 – 20.

4. So-Ryong Chae, David Jassby, Yao Xiao, Shihong Lin, Pyung-Kyu Park, Jong-Oh Kim, and Mark R. Wiesner (2012). Membrane Separation of Fullerene Nanomaterials from water. 11th World Filtration Congress, Graz, Austria, April 16 – 20.

5. Emma Jeong, Soryong Chae, Hang-Sik Shin (2011). Nanosilver in Wastewater Treatment Plants: Inhibitory Effects on Nitrogen Removal and Biosorption to Activated Sludge. 1st International Conference on Green Environmental Technology, Busan, Korea, 21 – 24 August.

6. S. R. Chae, A. R. Badireddy, M. R. Wiesner (2011). Effects of interfacial alteration of fullerene nanoparticles on photochemical reactivity and bacterial toxicity. 242nd ACS National Meeting, August 28 - September 1, Denver, Colorado, USA.

7. S. R. Chae, Y. Xiao, A. R. Badireddy, M. R. Wiesner, J. O. Kim (2011). Aggregation state of fullerene nanoparticles: Implications for reactivity, transport, and microbial toxicity. CHEMECA 2011, September 18-21, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

8. M. R. Wiesner and S. R. Chae (2010). Nanoparticle aggregation state and aging: Implications for reactivity and toxicity testing. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(12), A1131-A1131.

9. S. R. Chae, Y. Xiao. A. R. Badireddy, J. F. Budarz, A. Valladares, S. Mitra, and M. R. Wiesner (2010). The effects of humic acid and cations on photocatalytic activity and aqueous transport of fullerene-based nanoparticles. 239th ACS National Meeting, March 21–25, San Francisco, USA.

10. So-Ryong Chae and Mark R. Wiesner (2009). Characteristics of Photosensitized Degradation of Organic Compounds by Various Fullerene Nanomaterials (FNMs) in Water, IWA International Conference on Nanoparticle and Particle Separation, June 3-4, Raleigh, USA.

11. C. Botta, J. Labille, I. Gatri, J. Feng, E. M. Hotze, S. Chae, P. Chaurand, D. Borschneck, M -A. Diot, N. Solovitch-Vella, A. Masion, J -Y. Bottero, M. R. Wiesner, J. Rose (2009). Physicalchemical characterization of residues from alteration of engineered nanomaterials: Commercialized sunscreens containing titanium dioxide nanoparticles, 237th ACS National Meeting, March 22–26, Salt Lake City, USA.

12. E. M. Hotze, S. R. Chae, Y. Xiao. C. Botta, A. Maison, J. Rose, and M. R. Wiesner (2009). Detection of C60: Face creams and Aging products. 237th ACS National Meeting, March 22– 26, Salt Lake City, USA.

13. S. R. Chae, B. W. Choi, H. Yamamura, and Y. Watanabe (2007). Fouling Characteristics of Pressurized and Submerged PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride) Microfiltration Membranes in a Pilot-scale Drinking Water Production System. IWA International Conference on Particle Separation, July 9-12, Toulouse, France.

14. S. R. Chae, K. Ikeda, G. Ozawa, Y. Watanabe (2006). Fouling Characteristics of PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride) Microfiltration Membranes in a Pilot-scale Drinking Water Production System with Pre-Coagulation/Sedimentation using PSI (polysilicato iron) and PACl (polyaluminium chloride). IWA World Water Congress and Exhibition, September 10-14, Beijing, China.

15. S. R. Chae and H. S. Shin (2006). Kinetic estimation of low excess sludge yield and extracellular polymeric substance accumulation in a vertical submerged membrane bioreactor (VSMBR). IWA World Water Congress and Exhibition, September 10-14, Beijing, China.

16. Yong-Tae Ahn, Yun-Kyu Choi, Hyeong-Seok Jeong, So-Ryong Chae, Hang-Sik Shin (2005). Modeling of extracellular polymeric substances and soluble microbial products production in a submerged membrane bioreactor at various SRTs. IWA International Conference on Particle Separation 2005, June 1-3, Seoul, Korea.

17. S. R. Chae, S. T. Kang, S. M. Lee, E. S. Lee, S. E. Oh, Y. Watanabe, H. S. Shin (2005). High reuse potential of effluent from an innovative vertical membrane bioreactor treating municipal wastewater. IWA Specialty Conference "Wastewater Reclamation & Reuse for Sustainability, November 8-11, Jeju, Korea.

18. Y. T. Ahn, S. T. Kang, S. R. Chae, and H. S. Shin (2005). Simultaneous High-Strength Organic and Nitrogen Removal with combined Anaerobic Upflow Bed Filter and Aerobic Membrane Bio-reactor (UBF-MBR). IWA Specialty Conference "Wastewater Reclamation & Reuse for Sustainability, November 8-11, Jeju, Korea.

19. S. T. Kang, W. T. Lee, S. R. Chae, and H. S. Shin (2005). Positive roles of biofilm during the operation of membrane bioreactor for water reuse. IWA Specialty Conference "Wastewater Reclamation & Reuse for Sustainability, November 8-11, Jeju, Korea.

20. Y. T. Ahn, C. Y. Lee, S. R. Chae and H. S. Shin (2005). Coagulant and powdered activated carbon addition as pretreatment for ultrafiltration process in drinking water production. PACIFICHEM 2005, December 15-20, Honolulu, Hawaii, U.S.A.

21. S. R. Chae, Y. T. Ahn, H. S. Shin (2004). Characteristics of membrane fouling in a verticaltype submerged membrane bioreactor. IWA specialized conference on Water Environment - Membrane Technology 2004, June 7-10, Seoul, Korea.

22. H. S. Shin, Y. T. Ahn, S. R. Chae, S. T. Kang (2003). Biological treatment of highstrength nitrogen wastewater using a combined anaerobic/aerobic system. The first Asian Environment Research Alliance Partnership Symposium, 237-244, January 6-7, Taipei, Taiwan.

23. H. S. Shin, S. R. Chae, J. O. Kim, B. C. Paik, Y. C. Song and H. S. Park (2003). Simultaneous organic and strong nitrogen removal from sewage in a pilot-scale BNR process with food waste. IWA 6th International Symposium on Strong Nitorgenous and Agro-Wastewater, June 11-13, Seoul, Korea.

24. Hang-Sik Shin, So-Ryong Chae, Seok-Tae Kang, Sae-Eun Oh, Sang-Min Lee, and Eui-Sin Lee (2003). Simultaneous organic and nutrients removal by the vertical type submerged membrane bioreactor. IWA Asia-Pacific Regional conference, ASIAN WATERQUAL 2003, October 19-23, Bangkok, Thailand.

25. H. S. Shin, Y. T. Ahn, S. T. Kang, S. R. Chae (2003). Performance of the combined anaerobic system treating high-strength nitrogen-rich wastewater. IWA Asia-Pacific Regional conference, ASIAN WATERQUAL, October 19-23, Bangkok, Thailand.

26. H. S. Shin, S. R. Chae, H. S. Jeong, S. T. Kang, J. L. Lim and B. C. Paik (2002). Behaviors of intracellular materials and nutrients in BNR process supplied with domestic sewage and food waste. WEFTEC2002, September 28 - October 2, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

27. Hang-Sik Shin, So-Ryong Chae, Jae-Lim Lim, Se-Yong Nam, and Seok-Tae Kang (2001). Effect of anaerobic fermented leachate of food waste on biological nutrient removal. ASIAN WATERQUAL 2001, September 12-15, Fukuoka, Japan.

28. Hang-Sik Shin, So-Ryong Chae, Se-Yong Nam, Seok-Tae Kang, B. C. Paik, and S. H. Lee (2001). Nutrient removal using anaerobically fermented leachate of food waste in BNR Process. The 1st IWA Asia Environmetal Technology 2001, October 30 - November 2, Singapore.

29. Hang-Sik Shin, So-Ryong Chae, Bong-Sun Park and Eung-Ju Hwang (2000). Estimation of operating factors for the continuous carbon dioxide fixation by Euglena gracilis Z. WEFTEC2000, October 14-18, Anaheim, California, U.S.A.


Keynote lecturer, invited speaker, etc.

1. Carbon-based Nanomaterials for Water Purification, UTS, 20 May 2011, Sydney, Australia.

2. Environmental Implications and Applications of Fullerene-based Nanomaterials, CSIRO Land and Water, 09 March 2011, Sutherland, Australia.

3. Environmental applications of fullerene nanomaterials, North Carolina Central University, 05 November 2009, Durham, NC, USA.

4. Effects of fullerene C60 nanoparticles on the attachment of Escherichia coli K12 to microfiltration membrane surfaces and metabolic activity in aqueous Suspension, Academic Summer School Particle Separation in Water and Wastewater Treatment, 06-11 July 2008, Delft, The Netherlands.

5. Comparison of fouling characteristics of two poly-vinylidene fluoride microfiltration (PVDF) membranes with different structures in a pilot-scale drinking water treatment system using precoagulation/sedimentation, sand filtration and chlorination, The 2nd Innovation of Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment, 27-29 August 2007, Sapporo, Japan.