Charles R. Doarn, MBA
Research Professor, Family and Community Medicine, University of Cincinnati
Director, Telemedicine and e-Health Program
Mr. Doarn is a Research Professor in Family and Community Medicine and Director, Telemedicine and e-Health Program at the University of Cincinnati (UC) and is on the faculty of the MPH program. Mr. Doarn also holds academic appointments in Environmental Health at UC and Emergency Medicine at George Washington University. He is currently on an IPA assignment as Special Assistant to the NASA Chief Health and Medical Officer at NASA Headquarters. Mr. Doarn is a Fulbright Specialist with the US Department of State and has worked closely with Macedonia. Mr. Doarn served as the Executive Director of the award winning, International Virtual e-Hospital. He is a peer-review funded researcher and has served as PI on a number of federally-funded grants, including NEEMO 12. He has also served as Deputy Director, Center for Surgical Innovation; Executive Director, Telehealth Video Resources Center in Ohio; Executive Director and co-principal investigator for NASA's Research Partnership Center for Medical Informatics and Technology Applications, located at Yale University and Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond. Throughout the 1990's, Mr. Doarn served as the Program Executive for Aerospace Medicine and Telemedicine at NASA Headquarters. He is the principle author of NASA's Integrated Strategic Plan for Telemedicine and served as the lead for NASA’s Telemedicine activities. Mr. Doarn also serves as the Executive Secretary of the Multilateral Medical Policy Board for the International Space Station. Professor Doarn is the editor-in-chief of the Telemedicine and e-Health Journal and serves as the managing editor of Journal of Soft Robotics.
Robotic Systems in Healthcare: How Far Have We Come?
Robotic systems have been used in many facets of medicine and healthcare for a number of decades. From education to clinical practice to surgery, these devices and systems offer new approaches to patient care. While a system of sensors, actuators, end effectors, and intelligence has not yet replaced clinicians, systems with such attributes have been shown to be effective in a variety of settings. Furthermore, the evidence base is growing that robotics in healthcare can and will be a significant adjunct. How did we get to this point? Within government laboratories in the US, Russia, and other areas around the world, robotics were developed to support space exploration (human-tended and interplanetary), military applications (battlefield medicine and weapon systems), and undersea efforts. The US efforts by both NASA and the US Military led to the development of surgical robotic systems such as the Zeus and da Vinci platforms in the 1990s. This in turn led to the development of much smaller systems that through wireless communications can be used to support patient care and education. Such systems as the InTouch Health Remote Presence (RP) devices permit telemedicine where physician and patient are separated by some distance. Further development of robotics has helped established ‘soft robotics’ where soft materials are integrated into the fundamental design of machines. Robotic systems in healthcare have come a long way and the road ahead is promising!