Laser shock peening (LSP) is an advanced surface treatment process that generates deep compressive residual stresses through laser-induced shockwaves and thereby leads to improvements in the fatigue strength, life and resistance to crack propagation in materials and parts by a factor of three to five times over that provided by conventional peening treatments. The LSP Lab at the University of Cincinnati is the Ohio State Third Frontier Wrights Project award that supports development and commercialization of laser shock peening technology that will strengthen certain materials, such as the titanium alloy rods used in spinal implant devices.
The UC Nanoworld Laboratories are an interdepartmental research laboratory group which includes faculty from Mechanical Engineering, Materials Engineering, Chemistry, Aerospace Engineering and the UC Medical School. The labs develop innovative smart materials, sensors and devices by intersecting the various disciplines of science and engineering. The main concentration of research is in the Nanotechnology, Biomimetics, Composites and Smart Structures fields. The Nanoworld Laboratories are an exciting interdisciplinary experimental-theoretical learning environment for undergraduate through PhD level students.
The Laboratory for Nanobiomedicine develops nanotechnologies that can address some of the critical issues in medical diagnosis and treatment. The most recent works on nano-biomedicine pioneer some novel approaches in developing multifunctional nano carrier systems for early cancer diagnosis and therapy. Several unique designs of nanostructures have been accomplished at nanoscale that can enable successful cell targeting for tumor therapy, optical imaging by quantum dots, photothermal ablation of cancer cells, and drug delivery by intelligent triggering mechanisms. These works have recently appeared in a major journal: Advanced Materials (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2013).
NDL performs highly multidisciplinary research, primarily in electrofluidics and biosensors, spanning fundamental science to more applied work through industrial partnerships. NDL also has the practical knowledge, facilities, and a strong track-record for rapidly transforming novel concepts into commercially viable prototypes. Since 2006, NDL has partnered with numerous U.S., European, and Asian companies in pushing new technologies to market here for support map). NDL is also a founding member of the NSF Center for Advanced Design and Manufacturing of Integrated Microfluidics (CADMIM), lead founder for the Ohio Center for Microfluidic Innovation (OCMI), and founding member of the Nano-Bio Manufacturing Consortium (NBMC).
The Nanoelectronics Laboratory, founded in 1988, is a member of the Electrical and Computer Engineering and Computer Science Department at the University of Cincinnati. The NanoLab is located on the 9th floor of Rhodes Hall. A class1000 clean room is utilized for thin film deposition and device fabrication. Other labs are dedicated to optical and materials characterization, focused ion beam processing and atomic force microscopy. The Nanoelectronics Laboratory personnel consists of graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, and professional staff, with an average group size of 12-15 individuals. External research support is provided by organizations, including Army Research Office, Army Research Laboratory, Ohio Technology Action Fund, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, National Science Foundation.