Civil and Environmental Engineering
Anant R. Kukreti, Head
M. Thomas Baseheart, Associate Head
Shafiqul Islam, Graduate Program Director
Research Areas in Environmental Engineering
- Stabilization/solidification of hazardous wastes, development and evaluation of leaching test procedures, biofilm-based wastewater treatment processes, and transport mechanisms in biofilms.
- Encompass simulation techniques for designing and operating natural treatment systems; mathematical models of water demands in municipal distribution systems; forecasting and simulating Great Lakes water levels; and control of nonpoint source pollution.
- Advanced oxidation technologies for water treatment, membrane processes, activated carbon adsorption, preparation of environmentally benign materials, physicochemical phenomena on particle-water interfaces, and development of innovative photocatalytic reactors for water purification.
- The roles of land-atmosphere interactions and their correct representations in models for weather and climate predictions; improve the ability to interpret the linkage between small scale observations and large scale climate variability; utilize remote sensing to address issues of surface heterogeneities across a range of space-time scales; and understand the teleconnections between El-Nino and large river flows to develop long-range prediction models.
- Fundamental reaction mechanisms involving non-catalytic heterogeneous gas-solid reactions, vapor adsorption on solids, and clean coal technologies.
- Air quality, working on pollutant formation related to fuel combustion processes, especially the formation of breathable particulate matters and air toxics.
- Development and implementation of molecular biology-based techniques to identify, enumerate, and quantify the growth kinetics of microorganisms in biological treatment systems for drinking water, wastewater, and bioremediation.
- Disinfection of microbes in water and wastewater, microbial air pollution, ultraviolet disinfection of airborne microbes, laser sterilization and identification of microbes in solid wastes and leachates.
- Soil remediation, carbon adsorption, and biofiltration.
- Biokinetics and biofilm processes, the development of innovative processes for the treatment of industrial and hazardous wastes, fundamental aspects of adsorption on activated carbon, and mathematical modeling of treatment processes.
- The creative development and application of numerical methods, and mathematical optimization techniques, for the simulation, design, control and operation of complex environmental and hydrolic systems.
- Research Areas in Civil Engineering
- Structural engineering and research interests include reinforced concrete and masonry behavior and design; computer and laboratory applications in civil engineering; nondestructive testing; blast loading; and structural dynamics.
- Excavation support systems; slope stability; earth dam design; geotechnical aspects of waste disposal; and foundation design.
- Environmental geotechnics focusing on solving problems in waste containment, remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater, and beneficial re-use of waste materials in civil construction, geotechnical, and environmental applications.
- Response modeling for rigid and flexible pavements; pavement behavior and performance data interpretation; development of mechanistic design procedures for pavements; fracture mechanics applications in transportation facilities engineering; finite element analysis; and neural networks.
- Experimental and finite element analysis of linear and nonlinear structural systems, behavior of steel connections, cyclic plasticity problems, sub-structuring procedures, fracture mechanics, constitutive modeling, and flow through saturated-unsaturated porous media. He is also interested in undergraduate curriculum and research experience projects.
- Civil engineering materials and research interests include fracture of concrete and rock; nondestructive testing; early age, high strength, and prestressed concrete; and applied mechanics.
- Intelligent transportation systems; transportation engineering; traffic engineering and control; traffic flow theory; highway engineering; highway safety; knowledge based expert systems; neural networks; fuzzy logic; transportation demand forecasting; mathematical modeling; computer applications in transportation; and emerging technologies in transportation.
- Structural engineering and research interests include analytical and experimental studies of reinforced and prestressed concrete and composite structures; interaction of components in building systems; structural dynamics; and condition assessment of constructed facilities.
- Structural engineering and research interests include the behavior of steel structures, partial restraint and partial strength moment connections and bridge engineering.
- Structural engineering and research interests include structural mechanics; structural design; numerical analysis of non-linear and inelastic systems; finite elements; structural rehabilitation; and elastomers.