STEEL Laboratory

The Structural Tissue Evaluation and Engineering Laboratories (STEEL) at the University of Cincinnati is a multi-disciplinary research group with primary research interests in computational biomechanics, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, and novel interventions for the needs that the current healthcare has not yet met. Students in the lab have an opportunity to use state-of-the-art equipment and learn from experts in the field. Each of our projects has involvement from a practicing clinician to ensure that the work is high impact, clinically relevant, and easily translatioal. Our current collaborators include: Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center’s Division of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery, Center for Pediatric Voice Disorders, Division of Plastic Surgery Craniofacial Center, Division of General and Thoracic Surgery and Cincinnati Fetal Center. Dr. Michael T. Archdeacon, Peter J. Stern Professor and Chair, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, has said: “Dr. Lin fully understands that busy surgeons have varying interests and significant time constraints. He has made it very easy to work together, and he has compiled a large team of students in his lab. He has made a substantial impact in a very short amount of time.”



As the largest joint in the human body, the knee is considered the most complicated and vulnerable one because it has complex strucutre anatomically and it bears enormous weight and pressure loads while providing flexible movement. Finite element (FE) modeling and simulation of the knee joint are useful for analyzing knee joint kinematics. They can provide valuable insights into the mechanisms of sport-related knee injury including anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and meniscus tear.

Click link to visit COBRL Projects page.


The main goal of the Structural Tissue Reconstruction (STiR) group is to develop technologies and methods that improve the success of structural tissue regeneration and reconstruction. This includes creating scaffolds to help promote and support cartilage and bone growth and applying cutting edge materials to defect sites in order to aid the healing process and/or delay further damage.

Click link to visit STiR Projects page.


The Additive Manufacturing/Personalized Medicine (AM/PM) group leverages additive manufacturing techniques in order to achieve the goal of producing patient specific constructs that have a higher clinical efficancy. From personalizing external devices like CPAP masks to customizing bioprinted scaffolds and tissues for a specific patient, the AM/PM group explores a wide range of problems within the biomedical engineering domain.

Click link to visit AM/PM Projects page.


The Innovation Incubator segment explores new domains of biomaterials research, encompassing materials synthesis, processing and 3-d printing. The purpose is to incubate fresh ideas and carry out cutting-edge experiments to solve clinically relevant problems.

Click link to visit I2 Projects page.